The hazards associated with handling animals can be loosely placed in three major categories. n Properly dispose of animal waste and bedding. continued on page 2 k s Laboratory Safety Working with Small Animals All procedures on animals should be performed by properly trained personnel. The volume offers practical advice about administrative matters, ethical issues, and the guidelines and regulations for the care and feeding of animals. Two such laws/policies include the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) and the Public Health Service (PHS) policy, which require all research personnel be appropriately trained in animal care and use. Allergens: Laboratory animal allergies and associated asthma are among the most common conditions affecting individuals who work with laboratory animals. Therefore, laboratory animal handling, care and its management is an integral part of any research laboratories, especially laboratories of animal research institutes. B. The key to prevention of these types of injuries is proper training of research personnel by the animal care staff or other qualified individuals. As with other species, hectic and jerky move-ments should be avoided. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals provides a framework for the judgments required in the management of animal facilities—a resource of proven value, now updated and expanded. Typically, allergies to animals result from repeated exposure to an animal’s dander, urine, saliva, serum, or other body tissues. The facilities housing laboratory animals should meet or exceed current regulations and guidelines (USDA, 1990, 1991; NIH, 2002) and are required to be inspected twice a year (USDA, 1989, NIH, 2002). In addition, an estimated 10% of … First, physical injuries occur from bites and scratches, especially from rodents, rabbits, dogs and cats. One of the most common health risks in the research animal setting is allergic reaction to lab animals. Laboratory Animals in Research and Teaching contains valuable information that college and high school instructors will need to establish and maintain laboratories at their institutions. It is estimated that anywhere from 10% to 44% of animal care workers will develop allergic symptoms to the animals. n Remove gloves and wash your hands after handling animals or animal tissues and before leaving areas where animals are kept. Handling is generally restricted to individual or group transfer from cage to cage during cage change or to transfer of animals from and to the experimental envi-ronment. animal material or waste. The Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals requires institutions that receive federal funding to provide an occupational health and safety program for employees, visitors and students that work with or have exposure to research animals. 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